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Emergency Lighting

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What is Emergency Lighting

Emergency light fittings utilise a battery to ensure they have a back up power source.

They are light fittings for use during an emergency situation when the main power supply is cut and normal lighting fails.

This loss of mains electricity could be the result of a fire or a power cut and the normal lighting supplies fail. This may lead to sudden darkness and a possible danger to the occupants, either through physical danger or panic.

When power fails, the emergency lighting detects this state and activates the backup battery. This should power the light for a minimum of three hours – often at 10% of the normal light output.

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What are the legal requirements for emergency lighting

The British Standard provides the emergency lighting designer with clear guidelines to work to. BS 5266-1: 2011 embraces residential hotels, clubs, hospitals, nursing homes, schools and colleges, licensed premises, offices, museums, shops, multi-storey dwellings, etc.

Although this standard recommends the types and durations of emergency lighting systems relating to each category of premises, it should be remembered that the standards are the minimum safe standards for these types of building and that a higher standard may be required for a particular installation.

What are the types of emergency lighting?

Emergency escape lighting

Emergency Escape Lighting is the part of a system that provides lighting to allow people to leave a location. It is part of the fire safety provision of a building and a requirement of The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.

Standby lighting

This lighting enables normal activities to carry on despite a power cut. It is not a legal requirement but can help reduce the cost of loss productivity.

Escape route lighting

This type of lighting allows navigation towards a means of escape. It should be easily identifiable.

Open Area Lighting

This type of lighting is used to minimise panic, allowing building occupant to reach a place where an escape route can be found.

High Risk Task Area Lighting

Should occupants in the building be involved in potentially dangerous processes or situations, this lighting system kicks in to reduce the risk of an accident. It allows occupants to safety shut down high risk tasks before evacuation.

Emergency Lighting Installation

‘The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order (RRFSO) 2005, which came into force in October 2006, charges the responsible person in control of non-domestic premises and the common areas of a House in Multiple Occupancy (HMO) with the safety of everyone in the building, whether working, visiting or living there. This duty of care includes the provision of emergency lighting. Article 14 (2) (h) of the RRFSO states:

“Emergency routes and exits requiring illumination must be provided with emergency lighting of adequate intensity in the case of failure of their normal lighting”.

If you are not meeting legal requirements, Maclaren Electrical Services Ltd can ensure you are brought up to code. Contact us for more information.

Emergency Lighting Testing

Tests of your emergency lights should be carried out both monthly and annually.

Each month, a power cut should be simulated on each emergency lighting fitting.

Annually, each light should be tested to the full rated duration in accordance with the manufacturer’s information. Generally, this is either 1 or 3 hours.

Maclaren Electrical Services Ltd can test your emergency lighting system. Contact us for more information.

Emergency Lighting Repair

Should you be aware of any faults, Maclaren Electrical Services Ltd can repair and make sure that your ELS is 100% functional. Contact us for more information.

Can we help?

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